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Consistency of the burnout construct across occupations
journal contributionposted on 1996-12-01, 00:00 authored by Michael LeiterMichael Leiter, W B Schaufeli
This study assessed the extent to which a recently developed measure of burnout extended the concept of burnout as developed among human service providers to people in other occupations. The study replicated a factor structure derived from a study of aircraft maintenance workers, computer programmers, and administrators with staff various occupations across two health care settings: a tertiary care hospital (N = 3,312) and a residential mental health facility (N = 417). Within the larger setting the analysis replicated the factor structure with four occupational groups: clerical/maintenance workers, technical personnel, nurses, and managers. The study found support for the validity of the scale through its consistency with the issues that participants raised in an open-ended questionnaire. Conceptual issues in burnout theory and suggestions for further research are presented.