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Constructing a holistic approach to disaster risk reduction: the significance of focusing on vulnerability reduction

journal contribution
posted on 2014-01-01, 00:00 authored by Roshani Palliyaguru, D Amaratunga, D Baldry
As a result of the increase in natural disaster losses, policy-makers, practitioners, and members of the research community around the world are seeking effective and efficient means of overcoming or minimising them. Although various theoretical constructs are beneficial to understanding the disaster phenomenon and the means of minimising losses, the disaster risk management process becomes less effective if theory and practice are set apart from one another. Consequently, this paper seeks to establish a relationship between two theoretical constructs, 'disaster risk reduction (DRR)' and 'vulnerability reduction', and to develop a holistic approach to DRR with particular reference to improving its applicability in practical settings. It is based on a literature review and on an overall understanding gained through two case studies of post-disaster infrastructure reconstruction projects in Sri Lanka and three expert interviews in Sri Lanka and the United Kingdom.

History

Journal

Disasters

Volume

38

Issue

1

Pagination

45 - 61

Publisher

Wiley

Location

Chichester, Eng.

ISSN

1467-7717

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal; C Journal article

Copyright notice

2014, Overseas Development Institute