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Controlling initial biodegradation of magnesium by a biocompatible strontium phosphate conversion coating
journal contributionposted on 2023-11-03, 04:57 authored by XB Chen, DR Nisbet, RW Li, PN Smith, TB Abbott, MA Easton, DH Zhang, N Birbilis
A simple strontium phosphate (SrP) conversion coating process was developed to protect magnesium (Mg) from the initial degradation post-implantation. The coating morphology, deposition rate and resultant phases are all dependent on the processing temperature, which determines the protective ability for Mg in minimum essential medium (MEM). Coatings produced at 80 C are primarily made up of strontium apatite (SrAp) with a granular surface, a high degree of crystallinity and the highest protective ability, which arises from retarding anodic dissolution of Mg in MEM. Following 14 days' immersion in MEM, the SrAp coating maintained its integrity with only a small fraction of the surface corroded. The post-degradation effect of uncoated Mg and Mg coated at 40 and 80 C on the proliferation and differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells was also studied, revealing that the SrP coatings are biocompatible and permit proliferation to a level similar to that of pure Mg. The present study suggests that the SrP conversion coating is a promising option for controlling the early rapid degradation rate, and hence hydrogen gas evolution, of Mg implants without adverse effects on surrounding cells and tissues. © 2013 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Science & TechnologyTechnologyEngineering, BiomedicalMaterials Science, BiomaterialsEngineeringMaterials ScienceMagnesiumStrontium phosphateConversion coatingsHuman mesenchymal stem cellsBiodegradationIN-VIVO CORROSIONHYDROXYAPATITE COATINGSDEGRADATION BEHAVIORSR-89 THERAPYBONEALLOYSGROWTHVITROCEMENTBIOMATERIALSAlkaline PhosphataseCell DifferentiationCoated Materials, BiocompatibleCulture MediaElectrochemical TechniquesHumansHydrogenMesenchymal Stem CellsMicroscopy, Electron, ScanningOsteogenesisPhosphatesPhotoelectron SpectroscopyStrontiumSurface PropertiesTemperatureX-Ray Diffraction