Deakin University

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Copper-transporting P-Type ATPase, ATP7A, confers multidrug resistance and its expression is related to resistance to SN-38 in clinical colon cancer

journal contribution
posted on 2007-05-15, 00:00 authored by S Owatari, S Akune, M Komatsu, R Ikeda, Stephen Firth, X F Che, M Yamamoto, K Tsujikawa, M Kitazono, T Ishizawa, T Takeuchi, T Aikou, Julian MercerJulian Mercer, S I Akiyama, T Furukawa
We and others have shown that the copper transporters ATP7A and ATP7B play a role in cellular resistance to cisdiaminedichloroplatinum (II) (CDDP).  In this study, we found that ATP7A transfection of Chinese hamster ovary  cells (CHOK1) and fibroblasts isolated from Menkes disease patients  enhanced resistance not only to CDDP but also to various anticancer drugs, such as vincristine, paclitaxel, 7-ethyl-10- hydroxy-camptothecin (SN-38),  etoposide, doxorubicin, mitoxantron, and 7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino] carbonyloxycamptothecin (CPT-11). ATP7A preferentially localized
doxorubicin fluorescence to the Golgi apparatus in contrast to the more intense nuclear staining of doxorubicin in the parental cells. Brefeldin A   partially and monensin completely altered the distribution of doxorubicin to the nuclei in the ATP7A-expressing cells. ATP7A expression also enhanced the efflux rates of doxorubicin and SN-38 from cells and increased the uptake of SN-38 in membrane vesicles. These findings strongly suggested that   ATP7A confers multidrug resistance to the cells by compartmentalizing drugs in the Golgi apparatus and by enhancing efflux of these drugs, and the trans-Golgi network has an important role of ATP7A-related drug resistance. ATP7A was expressed in 8 of 34 (23.5%) clinical colon cancer specimens but not in the adjacent normal epithelium. Using the histoculture drug response assay that is useful for the prediction of drug sensitivity of clinical cancers, ATP7A-expressing colon cancer cells were significantly more  resistant to SN-38 than ATP7Anegative cells. Thus, ATP7A confers  resistance to various anticancer agents on cancer cells and might be a good index of drug resistance in clinical colon cancers.



Cancer research






4860 - 4868


American Association for Cancer Research


Philadelphia, Pa.







Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal; C Journal article

Copyright notice

2007, American Association for Cancer Research