File(s) under permanent embargo

Correlates of electronic cigarette use in the general population and among smokers in Australia - findings from a nationally representative survey

journal contribution
posted on 01.08.2019, 00:00 authored by Gary Chan, Janni Leung, Coral Gartner, Hua YongHua Yong, Ron Borland, Wayne Hall
AIMS: In Australia, sales of nicotine containing electronic cigarettes (also known as e-cigarette) are banned unless approved as a therapeutic good. The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of e-cigarette use and its correlates in Australia using a nationally representative survey. METHOD: We analysed data from the largest drug use survey in Australia (the National Drug Strategy Household Survey [NDSHS]; N = 22,354). RESULTS: We estimated that 227,000 Australians (1.2% of the population) were current e-cigarettes users, and 97,000 (0.5%) used them daily. Individuals who were male, younger, had higher level of psychological distress, and smoked were more likely to use electronic cigarettes. Among smokers, an intention to quit and reduction in smoking was associated with experimentation and daily use of e-cigarette, but not with occasional use. Recent quitting was associated with daily use. CONCLUSION: Overall, the prevalence of e-cigarette use was low in 2016 in Australia. Smoking status was the strongest correlates of e-cigarette use. Patterns of vaping were differentialy associated with an intention to quit smoking, smoking reduction and recent quitting. Some smokers may attempt to use e-cigarettes to cut-down their tobacco use, and those who vaped daily were mostly likely to be recent quitters.

History

Journal

Addictive behaviors

Volume

95

Pagination

6 - 10

Publisher

Elsevier

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0306-4603

eISSN

1873-6327

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2019, Elsevier