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Cr(N,C) diffusion coating formation on pre-nitrocarburised H13 tool steel
journal contributionposted on 2004-02-02, 00:00 authored by P King, R Reynoldson, Allan Brownrigg, John LongJohn Long
The microstructural processes of Cr(N,C) coating formation by thermoreactive deposition and diffusion (TRD) on pre-nitrocarburised H13 tool steel were studied. Both nitrocarburising and TRD were performed in fluidized bed furnaces at 570 °C. During TRD, chromium was transferred from chromium powder in the fluidized bed, to the nitrocarburised substrates by gas-phase reactions initiated by reaction of HCl gas with the chromium. Addition of 30% H2 to the input inert gas was found to increase the rate of coating formation, although hydrogen reduction resulted in rapid loss of nitrogen to the surface. The reason for the increased rate of coating formation could not be established without further investigation, although several possible explanations have been proposed. It was found that porosity and the formation of an iron nitride ‘cover layer’ during nitrocarburising were the biggest influences on the microstructure of the Cr(N,C) coating. Microstructural characterization of the coatings was performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and glow discharge optical emission spectroscopy (GDOES).