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Cultural influences on body dissatisfaction, body change behaviours and disordered eating of Japanese adolescents

journal contribution
posted on 01.01.2012, 00:00 authored by M Brokhoff, Alexander MussapAlexander Mussap, David MellorDavid Mellor, Helen Skouteris, L Ricciardelli, M McCabe, Matthew Fuller-TyszkiewiczMatthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz
We administered a paper-and-pencil questionnaire to 133 female and 99 male Japanese high school students 13–18 years old (M = 15.9, SD = 1.57) from the Kansai area to examine cultural influences on their body image and body change behaviours. Our aim was to ascertain the independent and combined influences from traditional Japanese, modern Japanese, and Western values. Cluster analyses identified four ‘acculturative’ groups: ‘anti-modern’, ‘traditional’, ‘pro-modern/anti-traditional’, and ‘pro-Western/anti-Japanese’. Pro-modern and pro-Western adolescents were most dissatisfied with their bodies, and pro-Western adolescents were also most likely to attempt weight loss. The results demonstrate the value of assessing cultural interactions in Japan along three dimensions.

History

Journal

Asian journal of social psychology

Volume

15

Issue

4

Pagination

238 - 248

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia

Location

Richmond, Vic.

ISSN

1367-2223

eISSN

1467-839X

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2012, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia