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Cultural influences on body dissatisfaction, body change behaviours and disordered eating of Japanese adolescents
journal contributionposted on 01.01.2012, 00:00 authored by M Brokhoff, Alexander MussapAlexander Mussap, David MellorDavid Mellor, Helen Skouteris, L Ricciardelli, M McCabe, Matthew Fuller-TyszkiewiczMatthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz
We administered a paper-and-pencil questionnaire to 133 female and 99 male Japanese high school students 13–18 years old (M = 15.9, SD = 1.57) from the Kansai area to examine cultural influences on their body image and body change behaviours. Our aim was to ascertain the independent and combined influences from traditional Japanese, modern Japanese, and Western values. Cluster analyses identified four ‘acculturative’ groups: ‘anti-modern’, ‘traditional’, ‘pro-modern/anti-traditional’, and ‘pro-Western/anti-Japanese’. Pro-modern and pro-Western adolescents were most dissatisfied with their bodies, and pro-Western adolescents were also most likely to attempt weight loss. The results demonstrate the value of assessing cultural interactions in Japan along three dimensions.