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Current approaches to obesity management in UK Primary Care: the Counterweight Programme

journal contribution
posted on 2004-06-01, 00:00 authored by H Gibb, J Broom, J Brown, Rachel LawsRachel Laws, J Reckless, P Noble, S Kumar, E McCombie, M Lean, F Lyons, G Frost, M Quinn, J Barth, S Haynes, N Finer, H Ross, D Hole, A Montazeri
Background/Aims Primary care is expected to develop strategies to manage obese patients as part of coronary heart disease and diabetes national service frameworks. Little is known about current management practices for obesity in this setting. The aim of this study is to examine current approaches to obesity management in UK primary care and to identify potential gaps in care. Method A total of 141 general practitioners (GPs) and 66 practice nurses (PNs) from 40 primary care practices participated in structured interviews to examine clinician self-reported approaches to obesity management. Medical records were also reviewed for 100 randomly selected obese patients from each practice [body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg m−2, n = 4000] to review rates of diet counselling, dietetic or obesity centre referrals, and use of anti-obesity medication. Computerized medical records for the total practice population (n = 206 341, 18–75 years) were searched to examine the proportion of patients with a weight/BMI ever recorded. Results Eighty-three per cent of GPs and 97% of PNs reported that they would raise weight as an issue with obese patients (P < 0.01). Few GPs (15%) reported spending up to 10 min in a consultation discussing weight-related issues, compared with PNs (76%; P < 0.001). Over 18 months, practice-based diet counselling (20%), dietetic (4%) and obesity centre (1%) referrals, and any anti-obesity medication (2%) were recorded. BMI was recorded for 64.2% of patients and apparent prevalence of obesity was less than expected. Conclusion Obesity is under-recognized in primary care even in these 40 practices with an interest in weight management. Weight management appears to be based on brief opportunistic intervention undertaken mainly by PNs. While clinicians report the use of external sources of support, few patients are referred, with practice-based counselling being the most common intervention.

History

Journal

Journal of human nutrition and dietetics

Volume

17

Pagination

183-190

Location

London, Eng.

ISSN

0952-3871

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2004, Wiley

Issue

3

Publisher

Wiley