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Dealing with the past or moving forward? Transitional justice, the bangsamoro peace agreement and federalism in the Philippines
journal contributionposted on 2022-09-29, 01:15 authored by Jayson LamchekJayson Lamchek, G B Radics
In the Philippines, transitional justice is plagued by questions about whether and how to deal with the past as well as whether and what kind of justice is possible in the present. In 2014, the government ended its armed conflict with Muslim secessionists by enacting a peace deal with transitional justice provisions, but also proposed federalism as a more lasting solution to conflict. This article reads the agreement's 'dealing with the past' framework as reflecting a conventional approach. It then highlights continuing Muslim experiences of land dispossession and human rights abuses. It shows how transitional justice can come with uncertainty about what it means to "move forward,"what "past"to overcome, and how the past is related to "justice."Furthermore, it argues that as the country increasingly veers towards authoritarian rule, conventional applications of transitional justice are further impeded. It explores how federalism receives more enthusiastic support than transitional justice.