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Decolorization, degradation and detoxification of mutagenic dye Methyl orange by novel biofilm producing plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria
journal contributionposted on 2023-11-21, 04:40 authored by MM Haque, MN Hossen, A Rahman, J Roy, MR Talukder, M Ahmed, M Ahiduzzaman, Amdadul HaqueAmdadul Haque
Discharge of untreated dyeing wastewater nearby water-bodies is one of major causes of water pollution. Generally, bacterial strains isolated from industrial effluents and/or contaminated soils are used for the bioremediation of Methyl orange (MO), a mutagenic recalcitrant mono-azo dye, used in textiles and biomedical. However, MO degradation by biofilm producing plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (BPPGPR) was not studied yet. In this study, 19 out of 21 BPPGPR strains decolorized 96.3–99.9% and 89.5–96.3% MO under microaerophilic and aerobic conditions, respectively from Luria-Bertani broth (LBB) followed by yeast-extract peptone and salt-optimized broth plus glycerol media within 120 h of incubation at 28 °C. Only selected BPPGPR including Pseudomonas fluorescens ESR7, P. veronii ESR13, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia ESR20, Staphylococcus saprophyticus ESD8, and P. parafulva ESB18 were examined for process optimization of MO decolorization using a single factor optimization method. This study showed that under optimal conditions (e.g., LBB, 100 mg L−1 MO, pH 7, incubation of 96 h, 28 °C), these strains could remove 99.1–99.8% and 97.6–99.5% MO under microaerophilic and aerobic conditions, respectively. Total azoreductase and laccase activities responsible for biodegradation were also remarkably activated in the biodegraded samples under optimal conditions, while these activities were repressed under unfavorable conditions (e.g., 40 °C and 7.5% NaCl). This study confirmed that MO was degraded and detoxified by these bacterial strains through breakage of azo bond. So far, this is the first report on bioremediation of MO by the BPPGPR strains. These BPPGPR strains are highly promising to be utilized for the bioremediation of dyeing wastewater in future.