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Defect modelling and correlation mapping for bridge inspection

journal contribution
posted on 2024-05-09, 03:32 authored by S Xu, Jun WangJun Wang, X Wang, W Shou, T Ngo
PurposeThis paper covers the development of a novel defect model for concrete highway bridges. The proposed defect model is intended to facilitate the identification of bridge’s condition information (i.e. defects), improve the efficiency and accuracy of bridge inspections by supporting practitioners and even machines with digitalised expert knowledge, and ultimately automate the process.Design/methodology/approachThe research design consists of three major phases so as to (1) categorise common defect with regard to physical entities (i.e. bridge element), (2) establish internal relationships among those defects and (3) relate defects to their properties and potential causes. A mixed-method research approach, which includes a comprehensive literature review, focus groups and case studies, was employed to develop and validate the proposed defect model.FindingsThe data collected through the literature and focus groups were analysed and knowledge were extracted to form the novel defect model. The defect model was then validated and further calibrated through case study. Inspection reports of nearly 300 bridges in China were collected and analysed. The study uncovered the relationships between defects and a variety of inspection-related elements and represented in the form of an accessible, digitalised and user-friendly knowledge model.Originality/valueThe contribution of this paper is the development of a defect model that can assist inexperienced practitioners and even machines in the near future to conduct inspection tasks. For one, the proposed defect model can standardise the data collection process of bridge inspection, including the identification of defects and documentation of their vital properties, paving the path for the automation in subsequent stages (e.g. condition evaluation). For another, by retrieving rich experience and expert knowledge which have long been reserved and inherited in the industrial sector, the inspection efficiency and accuracy can be considerably improved.

History

Journal

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management

Volume

ahead-of-print

Location

Leeds, Eng.

ISSN

0969-9988

eISSN

1365-232X

Language

eng

Notes

In press

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

ahead-of-print

Publisher

Emerald

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