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Definition and Characteristics of Behavioral Medicine, and Main Tasks and Goals of the International Society of Behavioral Medicine—an International Delphi Study

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journal contribution
posted on 01.06.2021, 00:00 authored by J Dekker, M Amitami, A H Berman, Helen BrownHelen Brown, B Cleal, M J Figueiras, L J Finney Rutten, E A Fors, K Griva, J Gu, C Keyworth, M Kleinstäuber, C Lahmann, J T F Lau, B Leplow, L Li, H Malmberg Gavelin, R Mewes, P K H Mo, B Mullan, F J Penedo, J Prins, T Rodríguez Rodríguez, S A Simpson, A Stauder, M T Tuomisto, D J Weiss, U M Nater
Abstract
Background
In the past decades, behavioral medicine has attained global recognition. Due to its global reach, a critical need has emerged to consider whether the original definition of behavioral medicine is still valid, comprehensive, and inclusive, and to reconsider the main tasks and goals of the International Society of Behavioral Medicine (ISBM), as the umbrella organization in the field. The purpose of the present study was to (i) update the definition and scope of behavioral medicine and its defining characteristics; and (ii) develop a proposal on ISBM’s main tasks and goals.

Method
Our study used the Delphi method. A core group prepared a discussion paper. An international Delphi panel rated questions and provided comments. The panel intended to reach an a priori defined level of consensus (i.e., 70%).

Results
The international panel reached consensus on an updated definition and scope of behavioral medicine as a field of research and practice that builds on collaboration among multiple disciplines. These disciplines are concerned with development and application of behavioral and biomedical evidence across the disease continuum in clinical and public health domains. Consensus was reached on a proposal for ISBM’s main tasks and goals focused on supporting communication and collaboration across disciplines and participating organizations; stimulating research, education, and practice; and supporting individuals and organizations in the field.

Conclusion
The consensus on definition and scope of behavioral medicine and ISBM’s tasks and goals provides a foundational step toward achieving these goals.

History

Journal

International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

Volume

28

Issue

3

Pagination

268 - 276

Publisher

SPRINGER

Location

England

ISSN

1070-5503

eISSN

1532-7558

Language

English

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal