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Depressive symptoms and psychosocial functioning in preadolescent children

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journal contribution
posted on 2011-01-01, 00:00 authored by M Mc Cabe, L Ricciardelli, S Banfield
The current study was designed to determine the percentage of children "at-risk" of depression or evidencing clinical levels of depression. In addition, the study examined how the "at-risk" and the clinical groups differed from children who demonstrated no depressive symptoms on positive and negative affect, four aspects of self-concept, and peer ratings of popularity. Respondents were 510 children (270 boys 240 girls) who ranged in age from 7 to 13 years (mean = 9.39). The results demonstrated that 23% of children were either in the "at-risk" or clinical range of depression. Children in both the clinical and the "at-risk" range demonstrated higher negative affect but lower positive affect and lower self-concepts than children in the normal range. However, children's peers only differentiated between the "clinical" and "normal" groups. It is harder for peers, and other informants such as teachers and parents, to detect the problems of children with elevated depressive symptoms but who do not meet the diagnostic criteria. It is important to implement intervention programs for children who evidence depression symptoms, as well as "at-risk" children. "At-risk" children with elevated levels of depressive symptoms may be more disadvantaged, as their problems are less likely to be detected and treated.

History

Journal

Depression research and treatment

Volume

2011

Article number

548034

Pagination

1-7

Location

Cairo, Egypt

Open access

  • Yes

eISSN

2090-133X

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article, C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2011, The Authors

Publisher

Hindawi Publishing Corporation

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