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Deprivation and systematic stroke prevention in general practice: an audit among general practitioners in the Rotterdam region, The Netherlands

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Version 1 2016-02-25, 08:33
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-04, 06:17 authored by JS de Koning, N Klazinga, PJ Koudstaal, A Prins, GJJM Borsboom, Anna PeetersAnna Peeters, JP Mackenbach
BACKGROUND: To investigate differences in quality of preventive care provided by general practitioners (GPs) to patients at risk of stroke living in deprived and non-deprived neighbourhoods in the Rotterdam region. METHODS: A 'deprivation score' was used to categorize neighbourhoods according to their deprivation status. Data on the process of patient care were collected by means of chart review and interviews with GPs. Cases of stroke (n=188) were retrospectively audited by an expert panel with guideline-based review criteria. To measure differences in quality of patient care between neighbourhoods, deprivation scores were related to scores for sub-optimal care. RESULTS: After adjustment for socio-demographic characteristics, patients in deprived neighbourhoods had an increased risk (OR 1.95 (95% CI: 0.98-3.90)) of having received sub-optimal preventive care if compared with patients in non-deprived neighbourhoods. This excess risk was limited to women (OR 3.57 (95% CI: 1.39-9.16) vs OR 1.01 (95% CI: 0.41-2.48) in men). Adjustment for socio-demographic characteristics and risk factor distribution did not change the OR for women to receive sub-optimal care significantly (OR 3.21 (95% CI: 1.24-8.31)). Sub-optimal care originated mainly from deficiencies in follow-up of treated hypertensive and diabetes patients and evaluation of patients' cardiovascular risk profile. Among treated hypertensive women in deprived neighbourhoods who received sub-optimal care, the mean number of deficiencies related to follow-up was almost double that of the corresponding group in non-deprived neighbourhoods. CONCLUSION: Quality of care to prevent stroke in general practice differs considerably between deprived and non-deprived neighbourhoods. Patients in deprived neighbourhoods, and women in particular, have almost twice the risk of receiving sub-optimal preventive care.

History

Journal

European journal of public health

Volume

13

Pagination

340-346

Location

Oxford, Eng.

Open access

  • Yes

ISSN

1101-1262

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

[2003, Oxford University Press]

Issue

4

Publisher

Oxford University Press