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Determinants of serum levels of retinol, β-carotene and α-tocopherol in men and women born in Australia, Greece and Italy

journal contribution
posted on 1994-12-01, 00:00 authored by P Ireland, D Jolley, G Giles, J Powles, K O'Dea, J Hopper, Jo Williams, I Rutishauser
Serum retinol, β-carotene and α-tocopherol levels were measured in a volunteer sample of 764 Australian-, Greek- and Italian-born adult residents of Melbourne, Australia. There was no difference among the ethnic groups in mean levels of serum retinol or α-tocopherol. Mean β-carotene levels were between 11 and 22% higher for Australian-born subjects. Serum β-carotene was higher in females, retinol was higher in males. The serum levels of retinol, β-carotene and α-tocopherol were significantly positively associated with serum cholesterol. Serum triglyceride was positively associated with serum retinol and α-tocopherol but negatively associated with serum -β-carotene. A positive association with retinol and an inverse association with β-carotene was found for alcohol consumption. Serum α-tocopherol was positively associated with dietary vitamin E. Serum β-carotene was correlated with carotene intake among subjects who had never smoked. Serum retinol increased with age in women only. These data provide a degree of cross-cultural robustness to previous findings in regard to the determinants of serum retinol, β-carotene and α-tocopherol in healthy men and women.

History

Journal

Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

Volume

3

Issue

4

Pagination

169 - 177

Publisher

H E C Press

Location

Wellington, Vic.

ISSN

0964-7058

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

[1994, H E C Press]

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