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Development of IOT-based low-cost MEMS pressure sensor for groundwater level monitoring
journal contributionposted on 2023-08-24, 05:28 authored by M Barzegar, S Blanks, Saba GharehdashSaba Gharehdash, Wendy TimmsWendy Timms
Groundwater level monitoring is critical to the protection and management of groundwater resources. Properly designed and executed instrumentation can play an important role in increasing the quality and reliability of collected data and reducing total monitoring costs. The efficiency of the instrumentation depends mainly on the accuracy and reliability of the installed sensors. This study presents the testing and application of a cost-effective pressure sensor (0-689 kPa range) for water level monitoring based on microelectromechanical system (MEMS) technology and the internet of things concept. The sensor performance, in terms of accuracy, precision, repeatability, and temperature, was investigated in laboratory columns (with constant water level, increasing and decreasing water levels at various rates) and in situ conditions in an observation bore (with natural groundwater level fluctuations). The results show that the MEMS sensor is capable of providing a reliable and adequate monitoring scheme with an accuracy of 0.31% full scale (FS) (2.13 kPa).