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Development of a measure of sleep, circadian rhythms, and mood: The SCRAM questionnaire

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posted on 2017-12-01, 00:00 authored by Jamie ByrneJamie Byrne, B Bullock, G Murray
Sleep quality, circadian phase, and mood are highly interdependent processes. Remarkably, there is currently no self-report questionnaire that measures all three of these clinically significant functions: The aim of this project was to address this deficit. In Study 1, 720 participants completed a set of potential items was generated from existing questionnaires in each of the three domains and refined to follow a single presentation format. Study 2 used an independent sample (N = 498) to interrogate the latent structure. Exploratory factor analysis was used to identify a parsimonious, three-factor latent structure. Following item reduction, the optimal representation of sleep quality, circadian phase, and mood was captured by a questionnaire with three 5-item scales: Depressed Mood, Morningness, and Good Sleep. Confirmatory factor analysis found the three-scale structure provided adequate fit. In both samples, Morningness and Good Sleep were positively associated, and each was negatively associated with the Depressed Mood scale. Further research is now required to quantify the convergent and discriminant validity of its three face-valid and structurally replicated scales. The new sleep, circadian rhythms, and mood (SCRAM) questionnaire is the first instrument to conjointly measure sleep quality, circadian phase, and mood processes, and has significant potential as a clinical tool

History

Journal

Frontiers in Psychology

Volume

8

Article number

2105

Pagination

1-10

Location

Lausanne, Switzerland

Open access

  • Yes

eISSN

1664-1078

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Publisher

Frontiers

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