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Development of a pain attitudes questionnaire to assess stoicism and cautiousness for possible age differences

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Version 2 2024-06-04, 15:33
Version 1 2018-05-15, 16:00
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-04, 15:33 authored by Hua YongHua Yong, SJ Gibson, DJDL Horne, RD Helme
This study aimed to develop a pain attitudes questionnaire (PAQ) and examine its reliability and validity for use in assessing the constructs of stoicism and cautiousness relevant to pain perception. The questionnaire was administered to 373 healthy community-dwelling individuals who were subsequently divided into four age groups to test for differences in stoicism and cautiousness, two attitudes that have previously been claimed to influence pain perception and report among older adults. Factor analysis revealed that two dimensions of stoicism and two dimensions of cautiousness are measured by the scale, with reticence and superiority characterizing the first construct and self-doubt and reluctance characterizing the second. There was support for the scale's reliability and validity. Age-related increase in degree of reticence to pain, self-doubt, and reluctance to label a sensation as painful was found, emphasizing the need for careful consideration of pain attitudes in older patients who may underreport their pain symptoms.

History

Journal

Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences

Volume

56

Location

Oxford, Eng.

Open access

  • Yes

ISSN

1079-5014

Publication classification

CN.1 Other journal article

Issue

5

Publisher

Oxford University Press

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