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Development of a predictive model for study of skin-core phenomenon in stabilization process of PAN precursor

Version 2 2024-06-04, 02:25
Version 1 2017-04-03, 12:48
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-04, 02:25 authored by G Golkarnarenji, Minoo NaebeMinoo Naebe, JS Church, K Badii, A Bab-Hadiashar, S Atkiss, H Khayyam
Studying the presence and progress of fiber defects, such as skin-core structure, is an important tool for analysis of a chemical process. In this article, the skin core morphology has been analyzed by optical microscopic (OM) images and Fourier transform infrared attenuated total reflectance mapping (FTIR-ATR mapping). The results of FTIR-ATR mapping showed that the fiber is almost uniform in the core area while OM images are accurate enough to be used for skin-core analysis. Using OM images, the core ratio of samples were measured to quantify the skin-core structure. Non-parametric kernel density estimation methods have then been compared with conventional parametric distribution models using these data. The results reveal that the parametric methods cannot adequately describe the skin-core phenomenon and that the non-parametric distributions are more appropriate for the quantification of skin-core morphology. By applying the non-parametric distributions, a model has been developed, which describes the relationship between the skin-core defect and the operation parameters of the fiber production. This approach can be used to predict the probability of skin-core occurrence and can be used to decrease the presence of this phenomenon in the carbon fibers production industry. Our results show that temperature is one of the most significant operational parameter at a typical oxygen concentration (in air at atmospheric pressure) governing the skin-core formation.

History

Journal

Journal of industrial and engineering chemistry

Volume

49

Pagination

46-60

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

1226-086X

eISSN

1876-794X

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2016, Korean Society of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry

Publisher

Elsevier