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Development of aqueous-based phase change amino acid solvents for energy-efficient CO2 capture: The role of antisolvent

Version 2 2024-06-15, 17:42
Version 1 2020-03-03, 10:50
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-15, 17:42 authored by MS Alivand, O Mazaheri, Y Wu, GW Stevens, CA Scholes, KA Mumford
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd The energy penalty is a primary limitation for the implementation of the aqueous solvents for large-scale post-combustion CO2 capture processes. In this study, a novel aqueous-based phase change solvent, composed of potassium glycinate (GlyK, reactive species), water (H2O, solvent) and dimethylformamide (DMF, antisolvent) was developed to improve the energy efficiency of CO2 capture. To examine the role of the antisolvent, a series of aqueous-based amino acid solvents (GlyK-X) with different DMF:H2O (X) volume ratios was prepared, fully characterized and assessed. It was observed that a CO2-free phase appeared at the top of the aqueous-based amino acid GlyK-X solvents after CO2 absorption which can be easily separated and recycled to the absorption column and save energy. The results showed that the GlyK-60 solvent with DMF:H2O volume ratio of 60:40 had a very high CO2-free phase volume (63%). Moreover, the GlyK-60 solvent exhibited 26.1% (0.433–0.546 mol CO2/mol GlyK) enhancement in CO2 absorption capacity, 38.5% (130–80 min) decrease in regeneration time and 59.1% reduction in relative heat duty compared to the conventional aqueous GlyK solvent. Overall, the outcomes confirmed that the aqueous-based phase change GlyK-60 solvent is a viable solvent option for large-scale CO2 capture with extra-low energy consumption and a key to the success of Paris Climate Accord.

History

Journal

Applied Energy

Volume

256

Article number

113911

Pagination

1-15

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0306-2619

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Publisher

Elsevier