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Device-assessed sleep and physical activity in individuals recovering from a hospital admission for COVID-19: a multicentre study

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-16, 06:32 authored by T Plekhanova, AV Rowlands, RA Evans, CL Edwardson, NC Bishop, CE Bolton, JD Chalmers, MJ Davies, E Daynes, PC Dempsey, AB Docherty, O Elneima, NJ Greening, SA Greenwood, AP Hall, VC Harris, EM Harrison, J Henson, LP Ho, A Horsley, L Houchen-Wolloff, K Khunti, OC Leavy, NI Lone, M Marks, B Maylor, HJC McAuley, CM Nolan, K Poinasamy, JK Quint, B Raman, M Richardson, JA Sargeant, RM Saunders, M Sereno, A Shikotra, A Singapuri, M Steiner, DJ Stensel, LV Wain, J Whitney, DG Wootton, CE Brightling, WDC Man, SJ Singh, T Yates
Background: The number of individuals recovering from severe COVID-19 is increasing rapidly. However, little is known about physical behaviours that make up the 24-h cycle within these individuals. This study aimed to describe physical behaviours following hospital admission for COVID-19 at eight months post-discharge including associations with acute illness severity and ongoing symptoms. Methods: One thousand seventy-seven patients with COVID-19 discharged from hospital between March and November 2020 were recruited. Using a 14-day wear protocol, wrist-worn accelerometers were sent to participants after a five-month follow-up assessment. Acute illness severity was assessed by the WHO clinical progression scale, and the severity of ongoing symptoms was assessed using four previously reported data-driven clinical recovery clusters. Two existing control populations of office workers and individuals with type 2 diabetes were comparators. Results: Valid accelerometer data from 253 women and 462 men were included. Women engaged in a mean ± SD of 14.9 ± 14.7 min/day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), with 12.1 ± 1.7 h/day spent inactive and 7.2 ± 1.1 h/day asleep. The values for men were 21.0 ± 22.3 and 12.6 ± 1.7 h /day and 6.9 ± 1.1 h/day, respectively. Over 60% of women and men did not have any days containing a 30-min bout of MVPA. Variability in sleep timing was approximately 2 h in men and women. More severe acute illness was associated with lower total activity and MVPA in recovery. The very severe recovery cluster was associated with fewer days/week containing continuous bouts of MVPA, longer total sleep time, and higher variability in sleep timing. Patients post-hospitalisation with COVID-19 had lower levels of physical activity, greater sleep variability, and lower sleep efficiency than a similarly aged cohort of office workers or those with type 2 diabetes. Conclusions: Those recovering from a hospital admission for COVID-19 have low levels of physical activity and disrupted patterns of sleep several months after discharge. Our comparative cohorts indicate that the long-term impact of COVID-19 on physical behaviours is significant.

History

Journal

International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

Volume

19

Article number

ARTN 94

Location

England

ISSN

1479-5868

eISSN

1479-5868

Language

English

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

1

Publisher

BMC