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Diabetes modulates microRNAs 29b-3p, 29c-3p, 199a-5p and 532-3p expression in muscle: possible role in GLUT4 and HK2 repression

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posted on 2018-09-01, 00:00 authored by J V Esteves, C Y Yonamine, D C Pinto-Junior, Frederico Gerlinger Romero, F J Enguita, U F Machado
The reduced expression of solute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 4 (GLUT4) and hexokinase-2 (HK2) in skeletal muscle participates in insulin resistance of diabetes mellitus (DM). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as important modulators of mRNA/protein expression, but their role in DM is unclear. We investigated miRNAs hypothetically involved in GLUT4/HK2 expression in soleus muscle of type 1 diabetes-like rats. In silico analysis revealed 651 miRNAs predicted to regulate solute carrier family 2 member 4 (Slc2a4) mRNA, several of them also predicted to regulate Hk2 mRNA, and 16 miRNAs were selected for quantification. Diabetes reduced Slc2a4/GLUT4 and Hk2/HK2 expression (50-77%), upregulated miR-29b-3p and miR-29c-3p (50-100%), and downregulated miR-93-5p, miR-150-5p, miR-199a-5p, miR-345-3p, and miR-532-3p (∼30%) expression. Besides, GLUT4 and HK2 proteins correlated (P < 0.05) negatively with miR-29b-3p and miR-29c-3p and positively with miR-199a-5p and miR-532-3p, suggesting that these miRNAs could be markers of alterations in GLUT4 and HK2 expression. Additionally, diabetes increased the nuclear factor kappa B subunit 1 protein (p50) expression, a repressor of Slc2a4, which was also predicted as a target for miR-199a-5p and miR-532-3p. Correlations were also detected between these miRNAs and blood glucose, 24-h glycosuria and plasma fructosamine, and insulin therapy reversed most of the alterations. In sum, we report that diabetes altered miR-29b-3p, miR-29c-3p, miR-199a-5p and miR-532-3p expression in muscle of male rats, where their predicted targets Slc2a4/GLUT4 and Hk2/HK2 are repressed. These data shed light on these miRNAs as a markers of impaired skeletal muscle glucose disposal, and, consequently, glycemic control in diabetes.

History

Journal

Frontiers in endocrinology

Volume

9

Article number

536

Pagination

1 - 12

Publisher

Frontiers Media

Location

Lausanne, Switzerland

eISSN

1664-2392

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2018, Esteves, Yonamine, Pinto-Junior, Gerlinger-Romero, Enguita and Machado