Deakin University
white-diagnosticroutesand-2018.pdf (817.33 kB)

Diagnostic routes and time intervals for patients with colorectal cancer in 10 international jurisdictions; findings from a cross-sectional study from the International Cancer Benchmarking Partnership (ICBP)

Download (817.33 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2018-11-27, 00:00 authored by David Weller, Usha Menon, Alina Zalounina Falborg, Henry Jensen, Andriana Barisic, Anne Kari Knudsen, Rebecca J Bergin, David H Brewster, Victoria Cairnduff, Anna T Gavin, Eva Grunfeld, Elizabeth Harland, Mats Lambe, Rebecca-Jane Law, Yulan Lin, Martin Malmberg, Donna Turner, Richard D Neal, Vicki WhiteVicki White, Samantha Harrison, Irene Reguilon, Peter Vedsted
OBJECTIVE: International differences in colorectal cancer (CRC) survival and stage at diagnosis have been reported previously. They may be linked to differences in time intervals and routes to diagnosis. The International Cancer Benchmarking Partnership Module 4 (ICBP M4) reports the first international comparison of routes to diagnosis for patients with CRC and the time intervals from symptom onset until the start of treatment. Data came from patients in 10 jurisdictions across six countries (Canada, the UK, Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Australia). DESIGN: Patients with CRC were identified via cancer registries. Data on symptomatic and screened patients were collected; questionnaire data from patients' primary care physicians and specialists, as well as information from treatment records or databases, supplemented patient data from the questionnaires. Routes to diagnosis and the key time intervals were described, as were between-jurisdiction differences in time intervals, using quantile regression. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 14 664 eligible patients with CRC diagnosed between 2013 and 2015 were identified, of which 2866 were included in the analyses. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Interval lengths in days (primary), reported patient symptoms (secondary). RESULTS: The main route to diagnosis for patients was symptomatic presentation and the most commonly reported symptom was 'bleeding/blood in stool'. The median intervals between jurisdictions ranged from: 21 to 49 days (patient); 0 to 12 days (primary care); 27 to 76 days (diagnostic); and 77 to 168 days (total, from first symptom to treatment start). Including screen-detected cases did not significantly alter the overall results. CONCLUSION: ICBP M4 demonstrates important differences in time intervals between 10 jurisdictions internationally. The differences may justify efforts to reduce intervals in some jurisdictions.



BMJ open





Article number



1 - 18


BMJ Publishing Group


London, Eng.





Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2018, Author(s) (or their employer(s))