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Dietary repletion with ω3 fatty acid or with COX inhibition reverses cognitive effects in F3 ω3 fatty-acid-deficient mice.
journal contributionposted on 2014-04-01, 00:00 authored by A Hafandi, D P Begg, S D Premaratna, Andrew SinclairAndrew Sinclair, M Jois, R S Weisinger
Dietary deficiency of ω3 fatty acid during development leads to impaired cognitive function. However, the effects of multiple generations of ω3 fatty-acid deficiency on cognitive impairment remain unclear. In addition, we sought to test the hypothesis that the cognitive impairments of ω3 fatty-acid-deficient mice are mediated through the arachidonic acid-cyclooxygenase (COX) pathway. To address these issues, C57BL/6J mice were bred for 3 generations and fed diets either deficient (DEF) or sufficient (SUF) in ω3 fatty acids. At postnatal day 21, the F3 offspring remained on the dam's diet or were switched to the opposite diet, creating 4 groups. In addition, 2 groups that remained on the dam's diet were treated with a COX inhibitor. At 19 wk of age, spatial-recognition memory was tested on a Y-maze. Results showed that 16 wk of SUF diet reversed the cognitive impairment of F3 DEF mice. However, 16 wk of ω3 fatty-acid-deficient diet impaired the cognitive performance of the F3 SUF mice, which did not differ from that of the F3 DEF mice. These findings suggest that the cognitive deficits after multigenerational maintenance on ω3 fatty-acid-deficient diet are not any greater than are those after deficiency during a single generation. In addition, treatment with a COX inhibitor prevented spatial-recognition deficits in F3 DEF mice. Therefore, cognitive impairment due to dietary ω3 fatty-acid deficiency appears to be mediated by the arachidonic acid-COX pathway and can be prevented by 16 wk of dietary repletion with ω3 fatty acids or COX inhibition.
JournalComparative Medicine (Memphis)
Pagination106 - 109
PublisherAmerican Association for Laboratory Animal Science
Publication classificationC Journal article; C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice2014, American Association for Laboratory Animal Science
CategoriesNo categories selected
Analysis of VarianceAnimalsArachidonic AcidCrosses, GeneticDeficiency DiseasesFatty Acids, Omega-3Maze LearningMiceMice, Inbred C57BLMild Cognitive ImpairmentProstaglandin-Endoperoxide SynthasesRecognition (Psychology)Signal TransductionScience & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicineVeterinary SciencesZoologyAACOXcyclooxygenaseDEFomega 3 fatty-acid deficientDHAdocosahexaenoic acidMWMMorris water mazeSUPomega 3 fatty-acid-sufficientPOLYUNSATURATED FATTY-ACIDSALZHEIMERS-DISEASELEARNING-ABILITYRAT-BRAINBEHAVIORSUPPLEMENTATIONPHOSPHOLIPIDSSYNAPTOSOMESPERFORMANCE