Deakin University
Browse

File(s) under embargo

Differential Effects of Remdesivir and Lumacaftor on Homomeric and Heteromeric hERG Channels

journal contribution
posted on 2023-12-07, 04:03 authored by Noah Campagna, Erika Wall, Kevin LeeKevin Lee, Jun Guo, Wentao Li, Tonghua Yang, Adrian Baranchuk, Mohammad El-Diasty, Shetuan Zhang
The human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) encodes for the pore-forming subunit of the channel that conducts the rapidly activating delayed K+ current (IKr) in the heart. The hERG channel is important for cardiac repolarization, and reduction of its expression in the plasma membrane due to mutations causes long QT syndrome type 2 (LQT2). As such, promoting hERG membrane expression is a strategy to rescue mutant channel function. In the present study, we applied patch clamp, western blots, immunocytochemistry, and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction techniques to investigate the rescue effects of two drugs, remdesivir and lumacaftor, on trafficking-defective mutant hERG channels. As our group has recently reported that the antiviral drug remdesivir increases wild-type (WT) hERG current and surface expression, we studied the effects of remdesivir on trafficking-defective LQT2-causing hERG mutants G601S and R582C expressed in HEK293 cells. We also investigated the effects of lumacaftor, a drug used to treat cystic fibrosis, that promotes CFTR protein trafficking and has been shown to rescue membrane expression of some hERG mutations. Our results show that neither remdesivir nor lumacaftor rescued the current or cell-surface expression of homomeric mutants G601S and R582C. However, remdesivir decreased while lumacaftor increased the current and cell-surface expression of heteromeric channels formed by WT hERG and mutant G601S or R582C hERG. We concluded that drugs can differentially affect homomeric WT and heteromeric WT+G601S (or WT+R582C) hERG channels. These findings extend our understanding of drug-channel interaction and may have clinical implications for patients with hERG mutations. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Various naturally occurring mutations in a cardiac potassium channel called hERG can impair channel function by decreasing cell-surface channel expression, resulting in cardiac electrical disturbances and even sudden cardiac death. Promotion of cell-surface expression of mutant hERG channels represents a strategy to rescue channel function. This work demonstrates that drugs such as remdesivir and lumacaftor can differently affect homomeric and heteromeric mutant hERG channels, which have biological and clinical implications.

History

Journal

MOLECULAR PHARMACOLOGY

Volume

104

Pagination

164-173

Location

United States

ISSN

0026-895X

eISSN

1521-0111

Language

English

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

4

Publisher

AMER SOC PHARMACOLOGY EXPERIMENTAL THERAPEUTICS