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Direct electro-deposition of graphene from aqueous suspensions

journal contribution
posted on 01.01.2011, 00:00 authored by Matthias HilderMatthias Hilder, B Winther-Jensen, D Li, Maria ForsythMaria Forsyth, D MacFarlane
We describe the direct electro-chemical reduction of graphene oxide to graphene from aqueous suspension by applying reduction voltages exceeding -1.0 to -1.2 V. The conductivity of the deposition medium is of crucial importance and only values between 4-25 mS cm-1 result in deposition. Above 25 mS cm-1 the suspension de-stabilises while conductivities below 4 mS cm-1 do not show a measurable deposition rate. Furthermore, we show that deposition can be carried out over a wide pH region ranging from 1.5 to 12.5. The electro-deposition process is characterised in terms of electro-chemical methods including cyclic voltammetry, quartz crystal microbalance, impedance spectroscopy, constant amperometry and potentiometric titrations, while the deposits are analysed via Raman spectroscopy, infra-red spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray diffractometry. The determined oxygen contents are similar to those of chemically reduced graphene oxide, and the conductivity of the deposits was found to be ~20 S cm -1.

History

Journal

Physical chemistry chemical physics

Volume

13

Issue

20

Pagination

9187 - 9193

Publisher

Royal Society of Chemistry

Location

Cambridge, U. K.

ISSN

1463-9076

eISSN

1463-9084

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2011, The Owner Societies