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Direct synthesis, growth mechanism, and optical properties of 3D AlN nanostructures with urchin shapes
journal contributionposted on 2009-01-01, 00:00 authored by Weiwei LeiWeiwei Lei, Dan LiuDan Liu, J Zhang, P Zhu, Q Cui, G Zou
Aluminum nitride (AƖN) nanostructures have shown novel physical and chemical properties that are essential for technological applications. We report a vapor-solid growth of novel three-dimensional (3D) A1N urchin-like nanostmcture in DC arc plasma via the direct reaction between Al vapor and N2 gas without any catalyst or template. The as-prepared 3D A1N nanostructures which have urchin-like shapes consist of numerous microdaggers with sharp tips and lengths of up to several micrometers and widths of 0.5-2 µm. A growth mechanism of A1N nanostructures with urchin shapes was suggested and explained in detail. The optical properties of the AƖN nanostructures with urchin shapes were also studied with photoluminescence spectrum, which reveals a broad emission, suggesting potential applications in electronic and optoelectronic nanodevices.