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Disassociation of muscle triglyceride content and insulin sensitivity after exercise training in patients with Type 2 diabetes

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Version 1 2014-10-28, 10:41
journal contribution
posted on 2004-01-01, 00:00 authored by Clinton BruceClinton Bruce, A Kriketos, G Cooney, J Hawley
Aim/hypothesis. We determined the effect of exercise training on insulin sensitivity and muscle lipids (triglyceride [TGm] and long-chain fatty acyl CoA [LCACoA] concentration) in patients with Type 2 diabetes. Methods. Seven patients with Type 2 diabetes and six healthy control subjects who were matched for age, BMI, % body fat and VO2peak participated in a 3 days per week training program for 8 weeks. Insulin sensitivity was determined pre- and post-training during a 120 min euglycaemic- hyperinsulinaemic clamp and muscle biopsies were obtained before and after each clamp. Oxidative enzyme activities [citrate synthase (CS), β-hydroxy-acyl- CoA (β-HAD)] and TGm were determined from basal muscle samples pre- and post training, while total LCACoA content was measured in samples obtained before and after insulin-stimulation, pre- and post training. Results. The training-induced increase in VO2peak (∼20%, p<0.01) was similar in both groups. Compared with control subjects, insulin sensitivity was lower in the diabetic patients before and after training (∼60%; p<0.05), but was increased to the same extent in both groups with training (∼30%; p<0.01). TGm was increased in patients with Type 2 diabetes (170%; p<0.05) before, but was normalized to levels observed in control subjects after training. Basal LCACoA content was similar between groups and was unaltered by training. Insulin-stimulation had no detectable effect on LCACoA content. CS and β-HAD activity were increased to the same extent in both groups in response to training (p<0.001). Conclusion/interpretation. We conclude that the enhanced insulin sensitivity observed after short-term exercise training was associated with a marked decrease in TGm content in patients with Type 2 diabetes. However, despite the normalization of TGm to levels observed in healthy individuals, insulin resistance was not completely reversed in the diabetic patients.

History

Journal

Diabetologia

Volume

47

Issue

1

Pagination

23 - 30

Publisher

Springer-Verlag

Location

Heidelberg, Germany

ISSN

0012-186X

eISSN

1432-0428

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal