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Dissociations between implicit and explicit memory in children : the role of strategic processing and the knowledge base

journal contribution
posted on 2003-01-01, 00:00 authored by Kristina Murphy, E McKone, J Slee
A review of the literature shows that explicit memory develops substantially from three years of age to adulthood, while implicit memory remains stable across this age range. Previously, this developmental dissociation has been attributed to different memory systems, or to confounds with perceptual vs. conceptual processing. Prompted by an alternative developmental framework, the experiments reported here provide evidence against both interpretations. Instead, it will be argued that (a) the implicit - explicit developmental dissociation reflects differences in strategic processing (strategy use and metamemory) across childhood and (b) that implicit memory can show development if a child's knowledge base in the tested domain is developing with age.

History

Journal

Journal of experimental child psychology

Volume

84

Issue

2

Pagination

124 - 165

Publisher

Academic Press

Location

San Diego, Calif.

ISSN

0022-0965

eISSN

1096-0457

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2003, Elsevier Science (USA)

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