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Do they adapt or react? A comparison of the adaptation model and the stress reaction model among South African unemployed

journal contribution
posted on 2014-11-01, 00:00 authored by Yannick Griep, Elfi Baillien, Wouter Vleugels, Sebastiaan Rothmann, Hans De Witte
This study investigates affective experience as a function of unemployment duration in South Africa. The study contrasts two models. The stress reaction model proposes a linear decrease of affective experience as unemployment prolongs. The adaptation model assumes a curvilinear pattern between affective experience and unemployment duration. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) with contrast revealed no differences in affective experience between short-term (N = 101), longterm (N = 152) and very long-term (N = 119) unemployed. The findings do not favour either of the models, yet indicate that unemployment is a severe stressor regardless of its duration. These results underline the need for structural changes (e.g. delivering unemployment benefits, stimulating job creation) in order to overcome the negative affective experiences of the South African unemployed.

History

Journal

Economic and industrial democracy

Volume

35

Issue

4

Pagination

717 - 736

Publisher

Sage Publications

Location

London, Eng.

ISSN

0143-831X

eISSN

1461-7099

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2014, The Authors