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Documentation and Treatment of Obesity in Primary Care Physician Office Visits: The Role of the Patient-Physician Relationship

journal contribution
posted on 2023-08-16, 23:18 authored by Arch G Mainous III, Armstrong XieArmstrong Xie, Samuel B Dickmann, James F Medley, Young-Rock Hong
INTRODUCTION: An ongoing patient-physician relationship may increase the likelihood of acknowledging obesity and providing a treatment plan. The purpose of the study was to investigate if continuity of care was associated with recording of obesity and receipt of a weight-loss treatment plan. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2016 and 2018 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey. Only adult patients with measured body mass index of ≥ 30 were included. Our primary measures were acknowledgment of obesity, treatment of obesity, continuity of care, and obesity-associated comorbid conditions. RESULTS: Among patients who were objectively obese, only 30.6% had an acknowledgment of the patient's body composition in the visit. In adjusted analyses, continuity of care was not significantly related to recording of obesity but did significantly increase the likelihood of treatment for obesity. Continuity of care was only significantly related to obesity treatment when defined as a visit with the patient's established primary care physician. The effect was not seen with continuity with the practice. DISCUSSION: There are many missed opportunities for prevention of obesity-related disease. Continuity of care with a primary care physician was associated with benefits in treatment likelihood, but greater emphasis on managing obesity in a primary care visit seems warranted.

History

Journal

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN BOARD OF FAMILY MEDICINE

Volume

36

Pagination

325-332

Location

United States

ISSN

1557-2625

eISSN

1558-7118

Language

English

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

2

Publisher

AMER BOARD FAMILY MEDICINE