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Does parental monitoring and disapproval explain variations in alcohol use among adolescents from different countries of birth?

journal contribution
posted on 2016-11-01, 00:00 authored by G C K Chan, A B Kelly, J P Connor, W D Hall, R M Young, Jo Williams
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This study investigated the extent to which parental monitoring and parental disapproval of alcohol use account for the association between country of birth and adolescent alcohol use. DESIGN AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 10 273 adolescents from grades 7 (Mean age = 12.5 years), 9 (14.5 years) and 11 (16.4 years) in Victoria, Australia. Participants completed a questionnaire during class time. Mediation analyses were performed to examine the extent to which parental monitoring and parental disapproval of alcohol use accounted for variations in past 30 day alcohol use between Australian-born and immigrant adolescents. RESULTS: Alcohol use in the past 30 days ranged from 8.0% to 44.4% for participants from different countries/regions of birth. Those born in Asia (odds ratio 0.20-0.51, P < 0.05) and Africa (odds ratio 0.45, P < 0.01) were much less likely to have consumed alcohol compared to those born in Australia. Adolescents from these two regions (except for Western Asia) reported higher levels of parental monitoring and parental disapproval of alcohol use (P < 0.05). Higher levels of parental monitoring and parental disapproval of alcohol use partially mediated the association between birth place and alcohol use (P < 0.05). DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: There were large variations in alcohol use between Australian-born and immigrant adolescents from different countries/regions. Adolescents from Asia or Africa were much less likely to consume alcohol, and this protective effect was partially accounted for by parental monitoring and disapproval of alcohol use.[Chan GCK, Kelly AB, Connor JP, Hall WD, Young RM, Williams JW. Does parental monitoring and disapproval explain variations in alcohol use among adolescents from different countries of birth?

History

Journal

Drug and alcohol review

Volume

35

Issue

6

Pagination

741 - 749

Publisher

Wiley

Location

London, Eng.

eISSN

1465-3362

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2016, Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs