Deakin University
berk-doesstageofillness-2019.pdf (697.71 kB)

Does stage of illness influence recovery-focused outcomes after psychological treatment in bipolar disorder? A systematic review protocol

Download (697.71 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2019-05-25, 00:00 authored by Hailey Tremain, Kathryn Fletcher, Jan Scott, Carla McEnery, Michael BerkMichael Berk, Greg Murray
BACKGROUND: There is great interest in the possibility that 'stage of illness' moderates treatment outcomes in bipolar disorder (BD). Much remains unknown about the construct of stage of illness, but there is evidence that effectiveness of psychosocial interventions may depend on factors that are plausible proxy measures of stage of illness (e.g., number of episodes). To date, reviews of this data have focused solely on clinical outcomes (particularly symptoms and relapse rates), but a range of recovery-focused outcomes (including functioning, cognitive functioning, and quality of life) have been measured in individuals with established BD. The aim of the proposed systematic review is to synthesise existing evidence for plausible proxy measures of stage of illness as moderators of recovery-focused and functional outcomes in psychosocial treatment studies of BD. METHODS: The proposed review will follow PRISMA guidelines; Scopus, PsychINFO, PubMed and Web of Science will be searched for empirical studies of psychosocial interventions used for established (clinical stages 2-4) BD; and findings will be summarised in a narrative synthesis of clinical stage of illness (operationalised in proxy measures identified in existing staging models) as a moderator of recovery-focused and functional outcomes of psychosocial interventions for established bipolar disorder. DISCUSSION: This review will contribute to the literature by expanding upon previous reviews and potentially inform the psychosocial treatment of established BD. Implications include assisting clinicians, consumers and researchers to identify and select interventions most appropriate to recovery-focused goals based on individuals' clinical status. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42016037868.



Systematic reviews



Article number



1 - 10


BioMed Central


London, Eng.





Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2019, The Author(s)