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Downlink multiuser beamforming with compensation of channel reciprocity from RF impairments

journal contribution
posted on 2015-06-01, 00:00 authored by Jinho ChoiJinho Choi
In this paper, we consider the uncertainty of channel reciprocity due to radio frequency (RF) frontend impairments for downlink multiuser beamforming in time division duplexing (TDD) based systems. In particular, we focus on conversion gain error (CGE) in analog RF frontends that results in independent in-phase and quadrature-phase (IQ) imbalances for each RF chain. A parameter of conversion gain factors for each RF chain is considered for the compensation of downlink beamforming as it can be easily estimated by a base station (BS) itself. With the set of these parameters, we study downlink multiuser beamforming for given uplink channel vectors that are available through uplink training phases. Based on performance analysis, we observe that the CGE in receive RF frontend can result in more performance degradation than those in transmit RF frontend.

History

Journal

IEEE transactions on communications

Volume

63

Issue

6

Pagination

2158 - 2169

Publisher

IEEE

Location

Piscataway, N.J.

ISSN

0090-6778

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2015, IEEE