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Dye-sensitized nanocrystalline solar cells incorporating ethylmethylimidazolium-based ionic liquid electrolytes

journal contribution
posted on 01.05.2006, 00:00 authored by Q Dai, D Menzies, D MacFarlane, S Batten, S Forsyth, L Spiccia, Y B Cheng, Maria ForsythMaria Forsyth
High-performance dye-sensitized solar cells incorporating electrochemically stable non-volatile electrolytes are especially desirable devices. In particular, ionic liquid systems based on ethylmethylimidazolium dicyanamide seem to be promising for this purpose. These have triggered our interest in the properties of further ethylmethylimidazolium-based ionic liquids with anions which are close relatives of dicyanamide. In this study, the effect of three different anions, tricyanomethanide, dicyanamide and thiocyanate, on the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells have been investigated. Both the short circuit photocurrent and conversion efficiency are increased with decreasing viscosity of the ionic liquids under comparable conditions. A conversion efficiency of 2.1% at 30% light intensity was observed for the cell containing the tricyanomethanide salt, which has lowest viscosity among the three ionic liquids, while efficiencies of 0.7% and 1.7% at the same light intensity were observed in the case of dicyanamide and thiocyanate salts, respectively, as an electrolyte.

History

Journal

Comptes rendus chimie

Volume

9

Issue

5-6

Pagination

617 - 621

Publisher

Elsevier

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

1631-0748

eISSN

1878-1543

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2005, Académie des sciences