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Dynamic responses of carbon metabolism of sediment microbial communities to Ag nanoparticles: Effects of the single and repeated exposure scenarios
journal contributionposted on 2023-03-01, 02:33 authored by Weiyu Li, Dan Luo, Tanveer AdyelTanveer Adyel, Jun Wu, Lingzhan Miao, Ming Kong, Jun Hou
The widespread use of nanosilver will inevitably lead to their release into aquatic environment, threating the health of freshwater ecosystem. The toxic effects of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on sediment microbial diversity, community composition, and functional enzyme activity are well established, while little is known about how sediment microbes dynamically respond to the stress of different AgNPs exposure scenarios. Herein, microcosm experiments were performed to investigate the impacts of repeated (1 mg/L, applied every 6 days for 10 times) and single (10 mg/L) exposure scenarios of AgNPs on the specific functions of sediment microbes (5-60 days). The carbon metabolism of sediment microbial communities was measured using BIOLOG ECO microplates, and carbon metabolic rate and functional diversity indices were calculated. Compared to control group, the maximum carbon source utilization capacity of the microbial community increased by 6.6 and 15.4 % in the single and repeated exposure group, respectively. And the metabolic rates of sediment microorganisms were significant increased by 6.1 % in the repeated exposure group, which suggested that repetitive low-dosing of AgNPs induce a larger alteration of both capacity and rate of microbial carbon metabolism. Notably, different AgNPs exposure scenarios resulted in a shift in the carbon source preference of the microorganisms. After exposure for 60 days, compared with the controls, the ability to utilize polymers was significantly increased by 51.5 and 21.7 % in the single and repeated exposure groups, respectively, and decreased by 33.7 and 10.5 % in the utilization of miscellaneous, both exhibiting significant differences (P < 0.05), implying that AgNPs exposure scenarios affected the microbial-mediated carbon cycling processes in sediment. These results highlight that different exposure scenarios of AgNPs have different effects on the carbon metabolism capacity of microbial communities, thus affecting the carbon cycling processes in which microorganisms are involved.