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Economic evaluation of an Australian nurse home visiting programme: a randomised trial at 3 years

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posted on 2021-12-01, 00:00 authored by Shalika Bohingamu MudiyanselageShalika Bohingamu Mudiyanselage, A M H Price, F K Mensah, Hannah Bryson, S Perlen, F Orsini, H Hiscock, P Dakin, D Harris, K Noble, T Bruce, L Kemp, S Goldfeld, Lisa GoldLisa Gold
ObjectivesTo investigate the additional programme cost and cost-effectiveness of ‘right@home’ Nurse Home Visiting (NHV) programme in relation to improving maternal and child outcomes at child age 3 years compared with usual care.DesignA cost–utility analysis from a government-as-payer perspective alongside a randomised trial of NHV over 3-year period. Costs and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) were discounted at 5%. Analysis used an intention-to-treat approach with multiple imputation.SettingThe right@home was implemented from 2013 in Victoria and Tasmania states of Australia, as a primary care service for pregnant women, delivered until child age 2 years.Participants722 pregnant Australian women experiencing adversity received NHV (n=363) or usual care (clinic visits) (n=359).Primary and secondary outcome measuresFirst, a cost–consequences analysis to compare the additional costs of NHV over usual care, accounting for any reduced costs of service use, and impacts on all maternal and child outcomes assessed at 3 years. Second, cost–utility analysis from a government-as-payer perspective compared additional costs to maternal QALYs to express cost-effectiveness in terms of additional cost per additional QALY gained.ResultsWhen compared with usual care at child age 3 years, the right@home intervention cost $A7685 extra per woman (95% CI $A7006 to $A8364) and generated 0.01 more QALYs (95% CI −0.01 to 0.02). The probability of right@home being cost-effective by child age 3 years is less than 20%, at a willingness-to-pay threshold of $A50 000 per QALY.ConclusionsBenefits of NHV to parenting at 2 years and maternal health and well-being at 3 years translate into marginal maternal QALY gains. Like previous cost-effectiveness results for NHV programmes, right@home is not cost-effective at 3 years. Given the relatively high up-front costs of NHV, long-term follow-up is needed to assess the accrual of health and economic benefits over time.Trial registration numberISRCTN89962120.



BMJ Open





Article number



1 - 12


BMJ Publishing Group


London, Eng.







Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal