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Economic growth with coal, oil and renewable energy consumption in China: Prospects for fuel substitution

journal contribution
posted on 2015-01-01, 00:00 authored by H Bloch, Shuddha RafiqShuddha Rafiq, R Salim
We examine the relationship between Chinese aggregate production and consumption of three main energy commodities: coal, oil and renewable energy. Both autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) and vector error correction modeling (VECM) show that Chinese growth is led by all three energy sources. Economic growth also causes coal, oil and renewables consumption, but with negative own-price effects for coal and oil and a strong possibility of fuel substitution through positive cross-price effects. The results further show coal consumption causing pollution, while renewable energy consumption reduces emissions. No significant causation on emissions is found for oil. Hence, making coal both absolutely and relatively expensive compared to oil and renewable energy encourages shifting from coal to oil and renewable energy, thereby improving economic and environmental sustainability.



Economic Modelling




104 - 115



Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal; C Journal article

Copyright notice

2015, Elsevier BV