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Effect of Glucocorticoid pretreatment on oxidative liver injury and survival in jaundiced rats with Endotoxing Cholangitis

journal contribution
posted on 2006-12-01, 00:00 authored by C Lee, J Chaung, P Wang, N Chang, H Wang, C Huang, M Tiao, Sing Lo
Introduction: Biliary tract infection is associated with high mortality. This study investigated the effect of glucocorticoid pretreatment on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cholangitis. Methods: Rats undergoing either sham operation or ligation of the extrahepatic bile duct (BDL) for 2 weeks were randomly assigned to receive intravenous injections of dexamethasone (DX) or normal saline (NS) prior to infusing LPS into the biliary tract. The plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), chemokines monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) as well as liver mRNA expression of MCP-1 and MIP-2 were determined. Infiltration of monocytes, Kupffer cells, and neutrophils in rat liver were studied with immunohistochemistry. Oxidative liver injury was measured by the malondialdehyde (MDA) content. Results: Dexamethasone pretreatment resulted in significantly decreased plasma levels of TNFα at 1 hour, MCP-1 and MIP-2 at 2 and 3 hours, and decreased liver MCP-1 mRNA expression at 3 hours following LPS infusion in BDL-DX rats than in BDL-NS rats. The number of inflammatory cells in the liver was significantly different between sham- and BDL-treated rats but was not affected by DX pretreatment. Pretreatment with DX resulted in significantly decreased liver MDA contents in the BDL-DX group than that in the BDL-NS group. Jaundiced rats pretreated with 5 mg DX prior to infusion of 1 g of LPS were 6.8 times more likely to survive than those that were not pretreated. Conclusions: Pretreatment of jaundiced, LPS-treated rats with a  supraphysiological dose of dexamethasone may rescue their lives by suppression of chemokine expression and alleviation of oxidative liver injury.

History

Journal

World journal of surgery

Volume

30

Issue

12

Pagination

2217 - 2226

Publisher

Springer Verlag

Location

New York, N.Y.

ISSN

0364-2313

eISSN

1432-2323

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2006, Socie´te´ Internationale de Chirurgie

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