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Effect of an antenatal diet and lifestyle intervention and maternal BMI on cord blood DNA methylation in infants of overweight and obese women: The LIMIT Randomised Controlled Trial

Version 3 2024-06-19, 13:45
Version 2 2024-06-05, 02:09
Version 1 2023-02-28, 01:04
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-19, 13:45 authored by J Louise, AR Deussen, B Koletzko, Julie OwensJulie Owens, R Saffery, JM Dodd
Background To investigate the effect of an antenatal diet and lifestyle intervention, and maternal pre-pregnancy overweight or obesity, on infant cord blood DNA methylation. Methods We measured DNA methylation in 645 cord blood samples from participants in the LIMIT study (an antenatal diet and lifestyle intervention for women with early pregnancy BMI ≥25.0 kg/m2) using the Illumina 450K BeadChip array, and tested for any differential methylation related to the intervention, and to maternal early pregnancy BMI. We also analysed differential methylation in relation to selected candidate genes. Results No CpG sites were significantly differentially methylated in relation to either the diet and lifestyle intervention, or with maternal early pregnancy BMI. There was no significant differential methylation in any of the selected genes related to the intervention, or to maternal BMI. Conclusion We found no evidence of an effect of either antenatal diet and lifestyle, or of maternal early pregnancy BMI, on cord blood DNA methylation. Clinical trials registration ACTRN12607000161426

History

Journal

PLoS ONE

Volume

17

Article number

ARTN e0269723

Location

United States

ISSN

1932-6203

eISSN

1932-6203

Language

English

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Editor/Contributor(s)

Farrar D

Issue

6 June

Publisher

PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE

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