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Effect of calcium ions on peptide adsorption at the aqueous rutile titania (110) interface

journal contribution
posted on 2018-12-01, 00:00 authored by Anas M Sultan, Zak Hughes, Tiffany WalshTiffany Walsh
How the presence of Ca2+ ions at the aqueous TiO2 interface influences the binding modes of two experimentally identified titania-binding peptides, Ti-1 and Ti-2, is investigated using replica exchange with solute tempering molecular dynamics simulations. The findings are compared with available experimental data, and the results are contrasted with those obtained under NaCl solution conditions. For Ti-1, Ca2+ ions enhance the adsorption of the negatively charged Asp8 residue in this sequence to the negatively charged surface, via Asp–Ca2+–TiO2 bridging. This appears to generate a nonlocal impact on the adsorption of Lys12 in Ti-1, which then pins the peptide to the surface via direct surface contact. For Ti-2, fewer residues were predicted to adsorb directly to the surface in CaCl2, compared with predictions made for NaCl solution, possibly due to competition between the other peptide residues and Ca2+ ions to adsorb to the surface. This reduction in direct surface contact gives rise to a more extensive solvent-mediated contact for Ti-2. In general, the presence of Ca2+ ions resulted in a loss of conformational diversity of the surface-adsorbed conformational ensembles of these peptides, compared to counterpart data predicted for NaCl solution. The findings provide initial insights into how peptide–TiO2 interactions might be tuned at the molecular level via modification of the salt composition of the liquid medium.








Article number



AIP Publishing


Melville, N.Y.





Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

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[2018, AIP Publishing]