Deakin University

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Effect of crude oil extracts from trout offal as a replacement for fish oil in the diets of the Australian native fish Murray cod Maccullochella peelii peelii

journal contribution
posted on 2003-07-25, 00:00 authored by Giovanni Turchini, Rasanthi Gunasekera, S De Silva
The efficacy of trout oil (TO), extracted from trout offal from the aquaculture industry, was evaluated in juvenile Murray cod Maccullochella peelii peelii (25.4-0.81 g) diets in an experiment conducted over 60 days at 23.7-0.8 °C. Five isonitrogenous (48% protein), isolipidic (16%) and isoenergetic (21.8 kJ gm1) diets, in which the fish oil fraction was replaced in increments of 25% (0-100%), were used. The best growth and feed efficiency was observed in fish fed diets containing 50-75% TO. The relationship of specific growth rate (SGR), food conversion ratio (FCR) and protein efficiency ratio (PER) to the amount of TO in the diets was described in each case by second-order polynomial equations (P<0.05), which were: SGR=-0.44TO2+0.52TO+1.23 (r2=0.90, P<0.05); FCR=0.53TO2-0.64TO+1.21 (r2=0.95, P<0.05); and PER=-0.73TO2+0.90TO+1.54 (r2=0.90, P<0.05). Significant differences in carcass and muscle proximate compositions were noted among the different dietary treatments. Less lipid was found in muscle than in carcass. The fatty acids found in highest amounts in Murray cod, irrespective of the dietary treatment, were palmitic acid (16:0), oleic acid (18:1n-9), linoleic acid (18:2n-6) and eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3). The fatty acid composition of the muscle reflected that of the diets. Both the n-6 fatty acid content and the n-3 to n-6 ratio were significantly (P<0.05) related to growth parameters, the relationships being as follows. Percentage of n-6 in diet (X) to SGR and FCR: SGR=-0.12X2+3.96X-32.51 (r2=0.96) and FCR=0.13X2-4.47X+39.39 (r2=0.98); and n-3:n-6 ratio (Z) to SGR, FCR, PER: SGR=-2.02Z2+5.01Z-1.74 (r2=0.88), FCR=2.31Z2-5.70Z+4.54 (r2=0.93) and PER=-3.12Z2-7.56Z+2.80 (r2=0.88) respectively. It is evident from this study that TO could be used effectively in Murray cod diets, and that an n-3:n-6 ratio of 1.2 results in the best growth performance in Murray cod.



Aquaculture research






697 - 708


Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


Oxford, England







Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2003, Springer