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Effect of fibre, yarn and knitted fabric attributes associated with wool comfort properties

journal contribution
posted on 2013-01-01, 00:00 authored by Bruce McGregor, Maryam NaebeMaryam Naebe
In this replicated experiment, we investigated the comfort properties of single jersey fabrics composed of cashmere in blends with superfine wools of different fibre curvature (crimp) where the fibre diameter of the wool and cashmere were tightly controlled. The 81 fabrics were evaluated using the Wool ComfortMeter (WCM) which has been calibrated using wearer trials of wool knitwear. General linear modelling determined the best prediction models for log10 transformed fabric WCM values using 27 fibre, 16 yarn and 30 fabric attributes. Tighter fabrics were less comfortable. Progressively blending cashmere with wool progressively increased comfort assessment. The WCM was able to detect differences between fabrics which were more supple and springy, thinner and lighter, and were composed of more elastic, uniform and stronger yarns. Together these attributes explained 82% of the variance in WCM value.

History

Journal

Journal of the Textile Institute

Volume

104

Issue

6

Pagination

606 - 617

Publisher

Taylor & Francis

Location

London, Eng.

ISSN

0040-5000

eISSN

1754-2340

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2013, Taylor & Francis