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Effect of organic additives on the cycling performances of lithium metal polymer cells

journal contribution
posted on 01.04.2008, 00:00 authored by J A Choi, S M Eo, D MacFarlane, Maria ForsythMaria Forsyth, E Cha, D W Kim
Gel polymer electrolytes were prepared by immersing a porous poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) membrane in an electrolyte solution containing small amounts of organic additive. Three kinds of organic compounds, thiophene, 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene and biphenyl, were used as a polymerizable monomeric additive. The organic additives were found to be electrochemically oxidized to form conductive polymer films on the electrode at high potential. By using the gel polymer electrolytes containing different organic additive, lithium metal polymer cells, composed of lithium anode and LiCoO2 cathode, were assembled and their cycling performance evaluated. Adding small amounts of a suitable polymerizable additive to the gel polymer electrolyte was found to reduce the interfacial resistance in the cell during cycling, and it thus exhibited less capacity fade and better high rate performance. Differential scanning calorimetric studies showed that the thermal stability of the fully charged LiCoO2 cathode was improved in the cell containing an organic additive.

History

Journal

Journal of power sources

Volume

178

Issue

2

Pagination

832 - 836

Publisher

Elsevier SA

Location

Switzerland

ISSN

0378-7753

eISSN

1873-2755

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2007, Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.