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Effect of thermomechanical parameters on the critical strain for ultrafine ferrite formation through hot torsion testing

journal contribution
posted on 2004-02-01, 00:00 authored by Hossein BeladiHossein Beladi, Georgina Kelly, Alireza Shokouhi, Peter HodgsonPeter Hodgson
A C–Mn–V steel was used to study ultrafine ferrite formation (1–3 μm) through dynamic strain-induced transformation (DSIT) using hot torsion experiments. A systematic study determined the critical strain for the start of DSIT (C,DSIT), although this may not lead to a fully ultrafine microstructure. Therefore, the strain to produce an ultrafine ferrite (UFF) as final microstructure (C,UFF) during deformation was also determined. In addition, the effect of thermomechanical parameters such as deformation temperature, prior austenite grain size, strain rate and cooling rate on C,DSIT and C,UFF has been evaluated. DSIT ferrite nucleated on prior austenite grain boundaries at an early stage of straining followed by intragranular nucleation at higher strains. The prior austenite grain size affected the distribution of DSIT ferrite nucleation sites at an early stage of transformation and the subsequent coarsening behaviour of the grain boundary and intragranular ferrite grains during post-deformation cooling. Also, C,DSIT and C,UFF increased with an increase in the prior austenite grain size and deformation temperature. The post-deformation cooling had a strong effect not only on C,UFF but also the UFF microstructure (i.e. final ferrite grain size and second phase characteristics).

History

Journal

Materials science & engineering. A., Structural materials : properties, microstructure and processing

Volume

367

Pagination

152 - 161

Publisher

Elsevier Sequoia

Location

Lausanne, Switzerland

ISSN

0921-5093

eISSN

1873-4936

Language

eng

Notes

Available online 27 November 2003.

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2003, Elsevier B.V.