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Effect of vitamin D supplementation on vitamin D status and bone turnover markers in young adults

journal contribution
posted on 2006-06-01, 00:00 authored by M Barnes, P Robson, M Bonham, J Strain, J Wallace
Objective: To assess the vitamin D status of healthy young people living in Northern Ireland and the effect of vitamin D supplementation on vitamin D status and bone turnover.

Design: Double-blinded randomised controlled intervention study.

Setting: University of Ulster, Coleraine, Northern Ireland.

Subjects: In total, 30 apparently healthy students (15 male and 15 female subjects), aged 18–27 years, were recruited from the university, with 27 completing the intervention.

Interventions: Subjects were randomly assigned, to receive either 15 mug (600 IU) vitamin D3 and 1500 mg calcium/day (vitamin D group), or 1500 mg calcium/day (control group) for 8 weeks between January and March. Vitamin D status, bone turnover markers, serum calcium and parathyroid hormone concentrations were measured at baseline and post intervention.

Results: At baseline, vitamin D status was low in both the vitamin D group (47.9 (s.d. 16.0)) and the control group (55.5 (s.d. 18.6) nmol/l 25(OH)D). Post intervention vitamin D status was significantly higher in the vitamin D-treated group (86.5 (s.d. 24.5)) compared to the control group (48.3 (s.d. 16.8) nmol/l) (P<0.0001). There was no significant effect of supplementation on bone turnover markers or PTH concentrations.

Conclusions: This study suggests that young adults in Northern Ireland do not consume an adequate daily dietary intake of vitamin D to maintain plasma vitamin D concentrations in the wintertime. A daily supplement of 15 mug vitamin D3 significantly increased vitamin D status in these individuals to levels of sufficiency. Achievement of an optimum vitamin D status among young adults may have future positive health implications.



European journal of clinical nutrition






727 - 733


Nature Publishing Group


London, England







Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2006, Nature Publishing Group