Deakin University
Browse
gatea-effectofwheat-2019.pdf (1.53 MB)

Effect of wheat straw as a cover crop on the chlorophyll, seed, and oilseed yield of trigonella foeunm graecum L under water deficiency and weed competition

Download (1.53 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2019-01-01, 00:00 authored by N R Lahmod, J T Alkooranee, Ahmed Abed Gatea, J Rodrigo-Comino
The effects of water stress on fenugreek crops are well documented. However, little is known about how these plants respond to water deficits under a soil-mulching system when the surface is protected. Therefore, the current research aims to demonstrate the possibility of reducing the impact of water stress and weed competition on the fenugreek crop through the use of wheat residues as a cover crop on the soil surface. A field experiment was carried out during the winter season (2016-2017) using a split-plot design arrangement with three replicates. The experiments included four levels of water deficit, which consisted of a 40% depletion treatment as a control plot, and 50%, 60%, and 70% depletion from the field capacity (DFC) for the other studied fields. The subplot division consisted of mulching the soil with wheat residues. The results demonstrated that soil-mulching systems and a water deficit are able to impact fenugreek yield of seed and oil. Additionally, soil mulching led to a decrease in weed density and biomass, chlorophyll content, and biological yield. Although high water deficit (70% DFC) led to yield and growth reduction, the use of wheat residue as a cover crop moderated the effect of a strong water deficit on plants and showed clear reduction of weed growth. Therefore, the results suggest that soil mulching can mitigate the adverse effects of water deficit by conserving soil moisture and decreasing weeds, which can be considered an acclimation mechanism under water-deficit conditions to avoid yield loss. Moreover, the allelopathic effects of wheat residue were observed on fenugreek crops subjected to irrigation after depleting 40% soil water moisture, but these effects disappeared within 90 days of sowing. We conclude that these results can help future agricultural planning and systems in order to increase productivity, reduce irrigation costs, and conserve soil quality.

History

Journal

Plants

Volume

8

Issue

11

Article number

503

Pagination

1 - 16

Publisher

MDPI

Location

Basel, Switzerland

eISSN

2223-7747

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal