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Effectiveness of evolutionary algorithms for optimization of heat exchangers
journal contributionposted on 2015-01-01, 00:00 authored by Rihanna Khosravi, Abbas KhosraviAbbas Khosravi, Saeid NahavandiSaeid Nahavandi, H Hajabdollahi
This paper comprehensively investigates performance of evolutionary algorithms for design optimization of shell and tube heat exchangers (STHX). Genetic algorithm (GA), firefly algorithm (FA), and cuckoo search (CS) method are implemented for finding the optimal values for seven key design variables of the STHX model. ε-NTU method and Bell-Delaware procedure are used for thermal modeling of STHX and calculation of shell side heat transfer coefficient and pressure drop. The purpose of STHX optimization is to maximize its thermal efficiency. Obtained results for several simulation optimizations indicate that GA is unable to find permissible and optimal solutions in the majority of cases. In contrast, design variables found by FA and CS always lead to maximum STHX efficiency. Also computational requirements of CS method are significantly less than FA method. As per optimization results, maximum efficiency (83.8%) can be achieved using several design configurations. However, these designs are bearing different dollar costs. Also it is found that the behavior of the majority of decision variables remains consistent in different runs of the FA and CS optimization processes.