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Effectiveness of suicide prevention programs for emergency and protective services employees: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Version 2 2024-06-03, 21:40
Version 1 2017-03-15, 16:16
journal contribution
posted on 2017-04-01, 00:00 authored by K Witt, Allison Milner, Amanda Allisey, L Davenport, Tony LaMontagneTony LaMontagne
BACKGROUND: This brief report summarizes the international literature on the effectiveness of suicide prevention programs for protective and emergency services employees. METHODS: A systematic search of 11 electronic databases was undertaken until June 30, 2015. Quantitative meta-analysis was undertaken to investigate the effectiveness of these programs on suicide rates at post-intervention. Qualitative analyses were also used to identify program components that may be associated with reductions in suicide rates. RESULTS: A total of 13 studies were included. Only six reported sufficient information on suicide rates to enable inclusion in quantitative analyses, however. On average, these programs were associated with an approximate halving in suicide rates over an average follow-up period of 5.25 years (SD = 4.2; range: 1-11) (Incidence Rate Ratio 0.45, 95%CI 0.31-0.65; five studies; I(2) 14.8%). Few programs integrated activities at the primary prevention level. CONCLUSION: A greater focus on the relatively neglected area of workplace primary prevention could further improve suicide prevention effectiveness. Am. J. Ind. Med. 60:394-407, 2017.

History

Journal

American journal of industrial medicine

Volume

60

Issue

4

Pagination

394 - 407

Publisher

John Wiley & Sons

Location

Hoboken, N.J.

eISSN

1097-0274

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2017, Wiley Periodicals