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Effects of Plyometric Training on Physical Performance: An Umbrella Review

journal contribution
posted on 2023-07-05, 00:22 authored by RL Kons, LBR Orssatto, J Ache-Dias, K De Pauw, R Meeusen, GS Trajano, J Dal Pupo, D Detanico
Abstract Background Plyometric training can be performed through many types of exercises involving the stretch-shortening cycle in lower limbs. In the last decades, a high number of studies have investigated the effects of plyometric training on several outcomes in different populations. Objectives To systematically review, summarize the findings, and access the quality of published meta-analyses investigating the effects of plyometric training on physical performance. Design Systematic umbrella review of meta-analyses. Data Sources Meta-analyses were identified using a systematic literature search in the databases PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Scielo. Eligibility Criteria for Selecting Meta-analyses Meta-analyses that examined the effects of plyometric training on physical fitness in different populations, age groups, and sex. Results Twenty-nine meta-analyses with moderate-to-high methodological quality were included in this umbrella review. We identified a relevant weakness in the current literature, in which five meta-analyses included control group comparisons, while 24 included pre-to-post-effect sizes. Trivial-to-large effects were found considering the effects of plyometric training on physical performance for healthy individuals, medium-trivial effects for the sports athletes’ groups and medium effects for different sports athletes’ groups, age groups, and physical performance. Conclusion The available evidence indicates that plyometric training improves most related physical fitness parameters and sports performance. However, it is important to outline that most meta-analyses included papers lacking a control condition. As such, the results should be interpreted with caution. PROSPERO number: CRD42020217918.

History

Journal

Sports Medicine - Open

Volume

9

Article number

4

Location

Berlin, Germany

ISSN

2199-1170

eISSN

2198-9761

Language

English

Issue

1

Publisher

Springer